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Lotus Root, 2-3 Links

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Phillips, Roger (1995). Vegetables. Rix, Martyn. London: Macmillan. ISBN 978-0-333-62640-5. OCLC 32465255. In Asian art, a lotus throne is a stylized lotus flower used as the seat or base for a figure. It is the normal pedestal for divine figures in Buddhist art and Hindu art and is often seen in Jain art. Originating in Indian art, it followed Indian religions to East Asia in particular. Lotus flowers are also often held by figures. [98] [99] [100] [101] [102] Another test-tube study using mouse cells found that both lotus seed and leaf extracts decreased the expression of pro-inflammatory genes ( 14). Buddhadev, S. G., Buddhadev, S. S. (2014). Nelumbo nucifera athephytochemical profile and traditional uses. Pharma Science Monitor, 5(3),1-12

Su, X.; Jiang, Y.; Li, Y.; Lin, W. (2003). "Effects of 4-hexylresorcinol (4-HR) on browning and quality of fresh-cut lotus". Food Science. 24: 142–145. Nelumbo nucifera contains some thermal-stable proteins that might be useful in protein bioengineering processes. The proteins are characterized by seed longevity used for cell protection and repair under stress. [65] There are also several indications that compounds of N. nucifera are used in drug fabrication in human health research for multiple purposes. [66] Lotus leaves possess hydrophobic characteristics, attributed to a waxy coat that prevents water from adhering to the surface. This attribute has influenced the conception of the "lotus effect" in biomimicry and engineering, guiding the design of materials that resist water and remain self-cleaning. Researchers at the National University of Singapore have utilized the water-repelling structure as inspiration for developing eAir, an aero-elastic sensor capable of detecting subtle pressure changes or other environmental stimuli. [67] Other uses [ edit ] Lotus thread is used to weave a special robe for the Buddha at Inle Lake, Myanmar. Ding, Hui; Shi, Jinghong; Wang, Ying; Guo, Jia; Zhao, Juhui; Dong, Lei (2011). "Neferine inhibits cultured hepatic stellate cell activation and facilitates apoptosis: A possible molecular mechanism". European Journal of Pharmacology. 650 (1): 163–169. doi: 10.1016/j.ejphar.2010.10.025. PMID 20969858. The lotus roots are planted in pond or river bottom soil, while the leaves float on the water's surface or are held well above it. The leaf stalks (petioles) can be up to 200cm (6ft 7in) long, allowing the plant to grow in water to that depth, [10] The peltate leaf blade or lamina can have a horizontal spread of 1m (3ft 3in). [11] [12] The leaves may be as large as 80cm (31in) in diameter. [13] Flower [ edit ] A unique fabric called lotus silk, from the lotus plant fibers, is produced only at Inle Lake, Myanmar, and in Siem Reap, Cambodia. This thread is used for weaving special robes for Buddha images called kya thingan (lotus robe).

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You’ll find that soaking the sliced root in vinegar water or lemon juice helps prevent discoloration. The main popular Nelumbo nucifera cultivars in China are Elian 1, Elian 4, Elian 5, 9217, Xin 1, and 00–01. The average yield of these cultivars is 7.5–15 t/ha (3.3–6.7 tons/acre) of harvest in July and 30–45 t/ha (13–20 tons/acre) of harvest in September. [40] In Australia, the cultivar grown for the fresh rhizome market in Guangdong and Japan, the common rhizome cultivars are Tenno and Bitchu. [37] Seed lotus [ edit ] Nelumbo nucifera seed head Additionally, research in rats with gestational diabetes found that a polysaccharide, a type of carbohydrate, from lotus leaf reduced fasting blood sugar levels ( 19). Antioxidants help neutralize reactive molecules known as free radicals. If free radicals build up in your body, they can cause oxidative stress, which damages cells and contributes to disease development ( 5). Mukherjee, PK; Das, J; Saha, K; Pal, M; Saha, BP (1996). "Diuretic activity of the rhizomes of Nelumbo nucifera Gaertn (Fam. Nymphaeaceae)". Phytother Res. 10 (5): 424–425. doi: 10.1002/(sici)1099-1573(199608)10:5<424::aid-ptr857>3.3.co;2-v.

Eating lotus in amounts typically used in foods, such as when lotus root is used in Asian dishes, is generally considered safe. It’s cultivated in many parts of the world but especially in Asia, including India and Southeast Asia. It grows in water and is often confused with water lilies, featuring a bowl shape with petals and green leaves. Its flowers can be white, pink, red, or blue. Du, Fengfeng; Liu, Xiaojing; Chang, Yajun; Li, Naiwei; Ding, Yuesheng; Yao, Dongrui (2021). " 'Jiang Luopao': A Nelumbo Cultivar with Deep Purple-red and Bowl-shaped Flowers". HortScience. 56 (7): 847–848. doi: 10.21273/HORTSCI15757-21. S2CID 236278282.The lotus plant is an aquatic perennial that grows in shallow waters and is native to Asia and Australia. http://veterinaryworld.org/Vol.3/April/Anti-inflammatory_activity_of_Red_and_White_Lotus_seeds_(Nelumbo_nucifera)_in_Albino_Rats.pdf Although it remains unclear, it’s speculated that the anti-diabetes effects of lotus extracts could stem from the antioxidants they contain ( 19).

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